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In winter they insulate the house from the cold and in summer they protect it from the heat: there are many advantages that climbing plants bring with them. Here's how to choose the right ones and how to grow them.

In winter they insulate the house from the cold and in summer they protect it from the heat: there are many advantages that climbing plants bring with them. Here's how to choose the right ones and how to grow them.

Climbing plants more than any other plant know how to adorn the walls and facades of houses, also hiding some imperfections such as cracks, pipes, wires. In addition, they perform a real climatic function: in winter they insulate the house from the cold and in summer they protect it from the heat.

HOW TO CULTIVATE CLIMBING PLANTS

The climbing plant breaks the monotony of a garden and a balcony, protects the house from prying eyes and is also capable of creating natural dividers between one home and another.

Among the less known climbing plants, but more beautiful from the aesthetic point of view, there is Basella rubra, or even climbing spinach. It comes from Southeast Asia, has branches that stretch up to 14 meters, with reddish leaves, and from May to September it gives wonderful purple flowers, from which a pigment is obtained for lipsticks. 

HOW TO CHOOSE CLIMBING PLANTS

Let's see together which are the most beautiful climbing plants, to grow:

First of all, it is good to choose the plant safely and prepare the ground effectively: the plant will remain where it is for many years. Eliminate all the weed vegetation, dig a hole about 40 cm in diameter in the ground and fertilize with an organic fertilizer or cornunghia (animal fertilizer mixed with mineral elements). Only after performing this step, you can bury your climbing plant, making sure that it remains at the same depth as it was in the pot in which they sold it to you. After planting it, cover the soil with mulch. The climbing plant must never be near trees or walls, where the soil becomes dry and compromises its growth.

After some time the plant begins to develop and at that point you will have to fan it and eventually attach it to a support, so that it grows in the desired direction. Some creepers have aerial roots thanks to which they manage to attach themselves to walls and fences; others, on the other hand, only have branches and therefore must necessarily be hooked to supports. The latter can be made up of metal wires, trellises, pergolas and anything that can do for you.

The main thing is to choose the ideal climbing plant for your needs. Lovers of bright colors and flowers choose clematis or wisteria. Also nice is the jasmine or the Japanese honeysuckle. Ivy is a must that never goes out of style.

If you love fruit you can opt for those "fruit" climbers, such as blackberry without thorns or the American vine that gives excellent grapes.

Beautiful evergreen creepers such as euonymus, ivy or honeysuckle.

The ideal creepers for hedges are the climbing bell and thunbergia, annual plants that are planted at the end of winter

The easy ones to grow are ficus repens, philodendron expadens and photos. The latter must be watered every week, in summer, and every two weeks in winter.

If you have a large surface to cover, choose the "big growth" creepers such as climbing roses and the Canadian vine.

To prevent insects from entering the house through the climbing plant, leave some space between the plant itself and the windows and doors.

Repot the plants every 3/4 years and fertilize them regularly. Water them in hot weather, always checking the soil moisture, because for evergreens, for example, watering is also necessary in winter.

When they are developed, prune them after flowering or in spring, if they bloom in summer or autumn.

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